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Vascular Tumours 

Pathology of Acquired Tufted Angioma or Angioblastoma [Nakagawa]

Dr Sampurna Roy MD             

 

Dermatopathology Quiz Case  52

Diagnosis: Tufted angioma or Angioblastoma (Nakagawa)

 

                                                                                                                      

 

Tufted angioma or Angioblastoma (Nakagawa) is a rare, benign, vascular tumour, characterized histologically by tufts of capillary-sized vessels in the dermis.

This acquired lesion is closely related to capillary hemangioma.

Angioblastoma was reported in the Japanese literature in 1929. 

In 1989  this lesion was described as  Acquired tufted angioma.  

Age:  Young adults and children.

Site: 

Usually located on the neck, the shoulders and the upper trunk and sometimes on the lower limbs. 

A case of perianal tufted angioma mimicking an anal fissure has also been reported.

Clinical presentation:

The lesions developed as solitary or multiple  tender, erythematous, macules, papules or plaques.

Microscopic features:

Microscopically, there are multiple irregularly distributed vascular tufts and lobules within the dermis and subcutis (cannon ball pattern).

The lobules are composed of endothelial cells with small round to ovoid nuclei, surrounded by pericytes.

Dilated cresent-shaped thin walled vascular channels are noted at the periphery.

This is probably caused by bulging of the lobules into the dilated vessels giving it a cresentic shape. 

The vascular element may be accompanied by hyperplasia of eccrine sweat glands.

Inflammation and oedema are not seen.

There may be some hemosiderin pigment deposition.

There is no cytological atypia.

Some mitotic figures may be present..

Immunohistochemistry:  

The tumour cells are positive for CD34, CD31, smooth muscle actin, muscle specific antigen, and vimentin. 

The lesions are negative for keratins and factor XIIIa.

Differential diagnosis :   

Kaposi's sarcoma : interlacing bundles of spindle cells and slit like vessels.
Low-grade angiosarcoma ; Kaposi hemangioendothelioma; Bacillary angiomatosis; Pyogenic granuloma ; Glomeruloid hemangioma Masson's tumour;  Spindle cell hemangioendothelioma ; Reactive angioendotheliomatosis.

 

Further reading:

Tufted angioma.

The relationship between angioblastoma (Nakagawa) and tufted angioma: report of four cases with angioblastoma and a literature-based comparison of the two conditions.

Tufted angioma (angioblastoma): case report and review of 41 cases in the Japanese literature.

Tufted angioma of adult onset, revealing abundant eccrine glands and central regression.

Acquired tufted angioma of the lower lip mucosa.

Intravenous tufted angioma.

Tufted angioma.

Acquired tufted angioma in an adult.

Sclerosing tufted angioma. Apropos of 4 cases involving lower limbs.

Tufted angioma, a particular form of angioma.

Tufted angioma of the thigh.

 

 

 

Dr Sampurna Roy  MD

Consultant  Histopathologist (Kolkata - India)


 

 

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