Apocrine adenocarcinoma comprises a group of rare primary cutaneous
carcinomas, which show features of apocrine differentiation.
or inguinal region and rarely in the nipple, finger and the scalp.
Rarely, the tumour may arise in the Mollís glands of the eyelids.
Tumours arising from the anogenital region are regarded as carcinomas of
the anogenital glands by some pathologists.
Slow growing lesions can be present as
painless, solitary, or multiple, solid to cystic masses,
ranging in size from 1 to over 5 cm.
Colour may vary from red to purple, and show ulceration of the
Dermatopathology Quiz Case
Non-encapsulated, infiltrative tumour
located in the lower dermis and subcutaneous tissue and consists of
multiple ductal structures ;
Different growth patterns include papillary, tubular, cribriform, cord-like and solid ;
Eosinophilic cells with granular and sometimes
vacuolated cytoplasm ;
At least focal decapitation secretion
Variable mitotic activity and pleomorphism ;
Normal or hyperplastic apocrine glands
are often identified close to the
invasive tumour ;
Cells contain PAS-positive, diastase resistant granules
Hemosiderin granules may be present in the cytoplasm.
Tumour cells usually express cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen
and gross cystic disease fluid protein-15.
antigen is usually negative.
Some cases demonstrate positivity with S100
The tumours are initially locally invasive, and systemic
dissemination is often associated with regional lymph node
Wide, local excision is the standard treatment for
Adjuvant radiotherapy may be used in cases with advanced local
or regional lesions.
carcinomas may be indistinguishable; Eccrine ductal