|1. Menetrier's disease
(hyperplastic or hypertrophic gastropathy, giant rugal hypertrophy):
hypertrophic rugae (1-3 cm in height).
Proximal greater curvature of the stomach or generalized in the body
Foveolar hyperplasia, glandular atrophy.
Elongated, tortuous, dilated gastric pits are lined by mucous
Pits extend to the mucosa where they became cystic.
Some cystically dilated glands extend into the submucosa, producing
gastritis cystica profunda.
Lamina propria edematous, infiltrated by smooth muscle fibers.
- The natural history of hypertrophic
gastropathy (Menetrier's disease). Report of a case with 16 year
follow up and review of 120 cases from the literature.
Hyperplastic gastropathy. Clinicopathologic
- Menetrier's disease: a form of
hypertrophic gastropathy or gastritis?
2. Gastric Varices :
cirrhosis and portal hypertension.
hypertensive gastropathy there is mucosal and submucosal capillary and
ulceration, erosion, multiple petechiae.
Endovascular management of gastric varices.
Gastric variceal bleed in a patient without
liver cirrhosis: an unusual cause of haematemesis.
3. Gastric Diverticulum:
Outpouching of the
full thickness of gastric wall.
Food impaction and
occasionally haemorrhage occurs.
Gastric diverticulum. A case report
with long-term follow-up and a review of the literature.
An unusual case of gastric diverticulosis.
Stomach diverticula and their clinical
Foreign bodies in the
stomach. (Trichobezoar : Hair. Phytobezoar: Vegetable
Rapunzel Syndrome- A scary,hairy tale !
5. Dieulafoy lesion (calibre persistent artery):
Middle aged & elderly
On lesser curve of the
stomach within 6 cm of gastro-esophageal junction.
abnormal, large muscular artery , 1.5 mm in diameter, run
through submucosa and approach mucosa. Superficial erosion often
Gastric hemorrhage due to ruptured arteriovenous
malformation (Dieulafoy's disease).
Multiple arterial caliber persistence resulting
in hematomas and fatal rupture of the gastric wall.
Fatal rupture of gastric aneurysm.
6. Angiodysplasia :
Dilated , distorted and
dysplastic vessels lined by endothelium.
Small amount of smooth
muscle fibre maybe present.
The vessels have an
abnormal distribution and aberrant morphology.
Vascular channels are
separated from the gastric lumen by single layer of endothelial cells.
for massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding deriving from gastric
Gastric angiodysplasia in a hereditary
hemorrhagic telangiectasia type 2 patient.
of argon plasma coagulation in management of upper gastrointestinal
angiodysplasia and gastric antral vascular ectasia hemorrhage.
7. Gastric Amyloid :
Rare lesion. Clinically
polyps or enlarged folds.
Differential diagnosis: Elastosis and elastofibromatous changes.
amyloidosis: clinicopathological correlations in 79 cases from a
and elastofibromatous change in the gastrointestinal tract: a
clinicopathologic study of 13 cases and a review of the literature.
of gastric mucosa associated with dialysis-related amyloidosis.
case report of localized gastric amyloidosis.
- Localised primary amyloidosis of stomach
presenting with gastric haemorrhage.
tumors of the gastrointestinal tract.A report of two cases and review
of the literature.
9. Gastric Antral Vascular Ectasia
(GAVE) "watermelon stomach".
on the parallel longitudinal rugal folds of the antrum.
Endoscopically: Distinctive parallel, intensely red stripes.
Histological features: Stripes correspond to markedly dilated tortuous
mucosal capillaries. Vessels contain fibrin thrombi. Fibrohyalinosis
with fibromuscular hyperplasia of the lamina propria may be
changes are not specific for diagnosis of gastric antral vascular
ectasia (GAVE) syndrome: a review of the pathogenesis and a
comparative image analysis morphometric study of GAVE syndrome and
gastric hyperplastic polyps.
Gastric antral vascular ectasia
(watermelon stomach)-an enigmatic and often-overlooked cause of
gastrointestinal bleeding in the elderly.
An unusual cause of upper GI bleeding:
gastric antral vascular ectasia.
Gastric antral vascular ectasia
(watermelon stomach) in a patient with Sjögren's syndrome.
Gastric antral vascular ectasia.
- Gastric antral vascular ectasia. A histologic
and morphometric study of "the watermelon stomach"