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Soft Tissue Pathology 

Pathology of Ossifying  Fibromyxoid Tumour

Dr Sampurna Roy MD                  





Ossifying fibromyxoid tumour (OFMT) is a rare soft tissue tumour of uncertain histogenesis.

The tumour presents as a well circumscribed small subcutaneous or muscular nodule on the extremities.

Ossifying fibromyxoid tumor in soft parts was described by Enzinger et al. in 1989.

Although the tumour most commonly occurs on the extremities with a male predominance, cases of ossifying fibromyxoid tumour have been reported in females, on the scalp (occurring as a cystic lesion) , the nasal septum (history of nasal airway obstruction and enlargement contour of the nose) and in the orbit (history of diplopia, pain, and right  upper eyelid swelling).

This is an indolent tumour, although local recurrences may occur.

Line of differentiation of this tumour is uncertain, however it has been suggested that the tumour is probably of partial neural, myoid or even of myofibroblastic origin.

Microscopically, on the low power, the tumour is lobulated and an incomplete shell of mature bone is note in the area corresponding to the fibrous septa.






Ohta K, Taki M, Ogawa I, et al. Malignant ossifying fibromyxoid tumor of the tongue: case report and review of the literature. Head & Face Medicine. 2013;9:16. doi:10.1186/1746-160X-9-16.



The tumour consists of lobules of uniform rounded cells arranged in cords or strands.

These cells are set in a fibromyxoid stroma. Mitotic figures are inconspicuous.

Unusual features include satellite micronodule formation, multiple microcalcifications, epidermoid cysts and mucinous microcyst formation, absence of myxoid areas, foci of  atypical chondroid differentiation, binucleate lacunar cells, pericytic growth pattern and malignant change.

Atypical or malignant ossifying fibromyxoid tumour has been described by Kilpatrick et al. 

The lesion is characterized by increased cellularity and prominent mitotic activity. Some of these cases may metastasize to the lungs.

Despite showing benign characteristics, these tumors can present aggressive behavior, and they should not therefore be classified as benign, but rather considered as tumors of intermediate malignancy.

Immunohistochemistry reveals that the tumour is positive with S100 protein and vimentin.

Many cases are desmin positive. Smooth muscle actin is positive in about 50% cases.

There is also focal reactivity for Leu7 and GFAP.

Cytogenetic analysis of this type of tumor focuses attention on 2 genes, INI-1, a tumor suppressor gene, and PHF1, which codes for a protein that, among other functions, regulates the activity of the polycomb-repressive complex 2, which silences genes responsible for development.


Further reading: (Full text articles with images):

Atypical ossifying fibromyxoid tumor unusually located in the mediastinum: report of a case showing mosaic loss of INI-1 expression.

Ossifying fibromyxoid tumor (OFMT) - A rare cause of a painful thumb.

Novel ZC3H7B-BCOR, MEAF6-PHF1, and EPC1-PHF1 fusions in ossifying fibromyxoid tumors--molecular characterization shows genetic overlap with endometrial stromal sarcoma.

Malignant Ossifying Fibromyxoid Tumors: a report of two rare cases displaying retained INI1/SMARCB1 expression.

Imaging findings of ossifying fibromyxoid tumor with histopathological correlation: A case report.

Ossifying fibromyxoid tumor: morphology, genetics, and differential diagnosis.

Sonographic features of an ossifying fibromyxoid tumor of the buttock.

Ossifying fibromyxoid tumor in the mandible: a case report

Ossifying fibromyxoid tumor of soft parts: a clinicopathologic, proteomic, and genomic study.

Ossifying Fibromyxoid Tumor of Soft Parts: What Do We know (pdf)

Cytological features of ossifying fibromyxoid tumor of soft parts.









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