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 Endocrine Pathology Online

Paediatric Thyroid Disorders

 Dr Sampurna Roy MD 





7 Important facts about Paediatric Thyroid Disorders:

1) Thyroid disorders are common endocrine problem encountered in the paediatric and adolescent age group.

2) Amongst the functional thyroid disorders hypothyroidism is far more common than hyperthyroidism.

3) Appropriate use of thyroid function test can delineate practically all thyroid disorders.

4) Though simple goitre is common in this age group,nodular goitre and in particular solitary thyroid nodule are uncommon.

5) Thyroid nodules are less frequent in children but are more likely to be malignant than in the adult.

6) Benign lesions include follicular adenoma, adenomatous goiter, cysts and lymphocytic thyroiditis.

7) Most cases present in adult females as do the malignant tumours which are mainly papillary carcinomas and less commonly pure follicular and medullary carcinomas.


Further reading                                                                                   


[Goitre and thyroid nodules in children and adolescents].

Thyroid imaging in children.

Thyroid disorders in childhood and adolescence.

Thyroid disorders in children from birth to adolescence.

Foetal and neonatal thyroid disorders.

The spectrum of thyroid diseases in childhood and its evolution during transition to adulthood: natural history, diagnosis, differential diagnosis and management.

Pediatric thyroid nodules: insights in management.

Pediatric thyroid nodules: management in the era of fine needle aspiration.

Thyroid nodules in childhood and adolescence.



Dr Sampurna Roy  MD

Consultant  Histopathologist (Kolkata - India)







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