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List of Viruses and Viral Diseases

Dr Sampurna Roy MD


March 2016

Dr Sampurna Roy  MD

Consultant  Histopathologist (Kolkata - India)

 

 

Viruses are obligate intracellular organism, contain DNA or RNA within a cylindrical or spherical protein coat or capsid, which may be surrounded by a lipid bilayer (envelope).

Viruses are organisms that can be characterized as having two distinct phases in their life cycle - an intracellular and an extracellular phase.

Intracellular phase is the replicative phase during which the virus multiplies in the infected cell.

There it borrows the metabolic machinery of the cell to direct the synthesis of proteins coded by the viral genome.

The structural and nonstructural virion components are synthesized independently, and the structural proteins are assembled into whole virions during the final stage of reproduction.

When virions leave the cell, they are particles of uniform size, shape and chemical composition that in some cases can crystallize.

This is the extracellular phase of the virus.

The viral particles can initiate the infectious process of new cells, and hence they constitute the infectious form of the virus.


List of viruses and viral diseases according to alphabetical order:

           A:

Adenovirus


AIDS: Cutaneous lesion associated with AIDS


AIDS related malignant tumours


Alphaviruses causing  Encephalitis


Arenavirus


Argentine hemorrhagic fever


Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis


Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)


               B:

Bolivian Hemorrhagic Fever


               C:

Chickenpox


Chikungunya


Coxsackievirus Infection


Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever


Cytomegalovirus infection


                D:

Dengue


                E:

Eastern equine encephalitis


Ebola Virus Infection


Echovirus Infection


Epstein-Barr Virus infection


Epstein-Barr Virus Related Malignant Tumours


            F:

Fifth Disease


Filovirus


Flavivirus


          G:

German measles


           H:

Hand, foot & mouth disease


Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome


Herpes Virus (Herpesviridae)


Herpes Simplex Virus Infection


Herpes Zoster Virus (Shingles)


Human Papilloma Virus Associated Epidermal Lesions


Human Papilloma Virus in Cervical Cancer


                   I:

Infectious Mononucleosis


Influenza


             J:

Japanese Encephalitis


        

             K:

Kaposi Sarcoma


Korean Hemorrhagic Fever


Kyasanur Forest Disease


              L:

Lassa Fever


Lymphocytic choriomeningitis 


              M:

Marburg Virus Disease


Measles


Molluscum Contagiosum


Mumps


Murray Valley encephalitis


              N:

Norwalk Virus related Diarrhea


              O: 

Omsk hemorrhagic fever


Orthomyxoviruses


               P:

Parainfluenza Virus Infection


Paramyxovirus


Parvovirus B19 Infection


Picornavirus


Poxviruses


              R:

Rabies


Respiratory syncytial virus infection


Rift Valley Fever


Rotavirus diarrhea


Rubella


Rubeola


            S:

Smallpox


St. Louis Encephalitis 


             T:

Tick-borne Encephalitis


             V:

Varicella


Variola


Venezuelan equine encephalitis


Viral hemorrhagic fevers


Viruses in Leukemia and Lymphoma


             W:

Western equine encephalitis


West Nile Virus disease


              Y:

Yellow  Fever


                                                                

 

 

Further reading:

Pathogenic landscapes: interactions between land, people, disease vectors, and their animal hosts.

The origin of human pathogens: evaluating the role of agriculture and domestic animals in the evolution of human disease.

Expecting the unexpected: nucleic acid-based diagnosis and discovery of emerging viruses.

Cooler temperatures destabilize RNA interference and increase susceptibility of disease vector mosquitoes to viral infection.

Dengue Vectors and their Spatial Distribution.

[Infectious diseases and climate change].


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