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 List of Viruses and Viral Diseases

                         Dr Sampurna Roy MD

April 2014

Dr Sampurna Roy  MD

Consultant  Histopathologist (Kolkata - India)

 

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Lichenoid (Interface)Tissue Reaction Pattern

Psoriasiform Reaction Pattern

Vesiculobullous Reaction Pattern

Spongiotic Reaction Pattern

Vascular Diseases: Various forms of Vasculitis

Lichen planus-like lesions

Lichen Nitidus

Bullous Pemphigoid

Dermatitis Herpetiformis

Hailey-Hailey Disease 

Granulomatous Reaction Pattern of the Skin

Granuloma Annulare

Necrobiosis Lipoidica

Necrobiotic Xanthogranuloma   

Rheumatoid Nodule

Lupus Vulgaris

Cutaneous Sarcoidosis

Melkersson Rosenthal Syndrome

Annular Elastolytic Giant Cell Granuloma

Skin lesion in Crohn's Disease

Viruses are obligate intracellular organism, contain DNA or RNA within a cylindrical or spherical protein coat or capsid, which may be surrounded by a lipid bilayer (envelope).

Viruses are organisms that can be characterized as having two distinct phases in their life cycle - an intracellular and an extracellular phase.

Intracellular phase is the replicative phase during which the virus multiplies in the infected cell.

There it borrows the metabolic machinery of the cell to direct the synthesis of proteins coded by the viral genome.

The structural and nonstructural virion components are synthesized independently, and the structural proteins are assembled into whole virions during the final stage of reproduction.

When virions leave the cell, they are particles of uniform size, shape and chemical composition that in some cases can crystallize.

This is the extracellular phase of the virus.

The viral particles can initiate the infectious process of new cells, and hence they constitute the infectious form of the virus.

List of viruses and viral diseases according to alphabetical order:

           A:

Adenovirus

AIDS: Cutaneous lesion associated with AIDS

AIDS related malignant tumours

Alphaviruses causing  Encephalitis

Arenavirus

Argentine hemorrhagic fever

Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis

Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)

               B:

Bolivian Hemorrhagic Fever

               C:

Chickenpox

Chikungunya

Coxsackievirus Infection

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever

Cytomegalovirus infection

                D:

Dengue

                E:

Eastern equine encephalitis

Ebola Virus Infection

Echovirus Infection

Epstein-Barr Virus infection

Epstein-Barr Virus Related Malignant Tumours

            F:

Fifth Disease

Filovirus

Flavivirus

          G:

German measles

           H:

Hand, foot & mouth disease

Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome

Herpes Virus (Herpesviridae)

Herpes Simplex Virus Infection

Herpes Zoster Virus (Shingles)

Human Papilloma Virus Associated Epidermal Lesions

Human Papilloma Virus in Cervical Cancer

                   I:

Infectious Mononucleosis

Influenza

             J:

Japanese Encephalitis        

             K:

Kaposi Sarcoma

Korean Hemorrhagic Fever

Kyasanur Forest Disease

              L:

Lassa Fever

Lymphocytic choriomeningitis 

              M:

Marburg Virus Disease

Measles

Molluscum Contagiosum

Mumps

Murray Valley encephalitis

              N:

Norwalk Virus related Diarrhea

              O: 

Omsk hemorrhagic fever

Orthomyxoviruses

               P:

Parainfluenza Virus Infection

Paramyxovirus

Parvovirus B19 Infection

Picornavirus

Poxviruses

              R:

Rabies

Respiratory syncytial virus infection

Rift Valley Fever

Rotavirus diarrhea

Rubella

Rubeola

            S:

Smallpox

St. Louis Encephalitis 

             T:

Tick-borne Encephalitis

             V:

Varicella

Variola

Venezuelan equine encephalitis

Viral hemorrhagic fevers

Viruses in Leukemia and Lymphoma

            W:

Western equine encephalitis

West Nile Virus disease

              Y:

Yellow  Fever

 

 Further reading:

Pathogenic landscapes: interactions between land, people, disease vectors, and their animal hosts.

The origin of human pathogens: evaluating the role of agriculture and domestic animals in the evolution of human disease.

Expecting the unexpected: nucleic acid-based diagnosis and discovery of emerging viruses.

Cooler temperatures destabilize RNA interference and increase susceptibility of disease vector mosquitoes to viral infection.

Dengue Vectors and their Spatial Distribution.

[Infectious diseases and climate change].


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