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Pathology of Poroma

 Dr Sampurna Roy MD           




Poroma represents a group of benign tumours characterised by monomorphous neoplastic epithelial cells that show ductal differentiation.

This tumour shows histological overlap with hidradenoma.

Previously some authors have grouped them together under the term 'acrospiroma'.

Some authors have subdivided Poroma into:   

Three subtypes of poroid neoplasia in a single lesion: eccrine poroma, hidroacanthoma simplex, and dermal duct tumor. Histologic, histochemical, and ultrastructural findings.

1.Hidroacanthoma group:  Hidroacanthoma simplex or intraepidermal poroma (Smith and Coburn 1956) is a form of poroma in which nests of cells with tubular differentiation are confined to surface epidermis.

There is no evidence of dermal involvement. 

Differential diagnosis:  Includes melanocytic neoplasm and clonal seborrheic keratosis. Differentiation of hidroacanthoma simplex from clonal seborrheic keratosis-an immuno histochemical study.

2. Poroma group:  Intraepidermal and dermal

3. Dermal duct tumour - Intradermal lesion. 

Poroma containing prominent ductal lumina are known as "Dermal ductal tumour." (Winklemann RK and Mcleod WA 1966).

But the tendency, nowadays is to classify all forms as Poroma.

Recent analysis suggests that poromas can be of either eccrine or apocrine lineage.  Poroma of apocrine lineage are more common.

Clinically presents as solitary papule or nodule in elderly patients.

Site:  Poromas are usually located on the hands and feet .

Microscopic features: 

Well circumscribed lesions composed of small cuboidal epithelial cells with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, monomorphic ovoid nuclei and inconspicous nucleoli and distinct cytoplasmic margins; 

Cells are smaller than squamous cells and are connected by intercellular bridges;

Tumour extends into the dermis as broad columns of cells from the epidermis;  

Narrow ductal luminas within columns of tumour cells;  

Cytoplasmic vacuolation - intracytoplasmic lumen formation - within some centrally located tumour cells; 

Occasionally cystic spaces within lobules of tumour cells;

Amorphous, eosinophilic material is often present in the cystic spaces;

Backround stroma contains eosinophilic hyalinized collagen and blood vessels; 

Focal sebaceous, pilar and rarely apocrine differentiation may be identified.


Immunopositivity to CEA, specially in the ductal areas. Cytokeratin is also positive. 


Related post: Porocarcinoma


Further reading

Poroma: a review of eccrine, apocrine, and malignant forms.

Eccrine poroma on the face: an atypical presentation.

Pigmented eccrine poroma: report of an atypical case with the use of dermoscopy.

Eccrine or apocrine poroma? Six poromas with divergent adnexal differentiation.

Cytokeratin expression of apocrine and eccrine poromas with special reference to its expression in cuticular cells.

Apocrine poroma of the breast.

"Apocrine" poroma: review of the literature and case report



Dr Sampurna Roy  MD

Consultant  Histopathologist (Kolkata - India)






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